Nursing homework help. Evidence level and quality rating:
Author(s): Publication date:
Setting: Sample (composition and size):
Is this study:
QuaNtitative (collection, analysis, and reporting of numerical data)
Measurable data (how many; how much; or how often) used to formulate facts, uncover patterns in research, and generalize results from a larger sample population; provides observed effects of a program, problem, or condition, measured precisely, rather than through researcher interpretation of data. Common methods are surveys, face-to-face structured interviews, observations, and reviews of records or documents. Statistical tests are used in data analysis.
Go to Section I: QuaNtitative
QuaLitative (collection, analysis, and reporting of narrative data)
Rich narrative documents are used for uncovering themes; describes a problem or condition from the point of view of those experiencing it. Common methods are focus groups, individual interviews (unstructured or semi structured), and participation/observations. Sample sizes are small and are determined when data saturation is achieved. Data saturation is reached when the researcher identifies that no new themes emerge and redundancy is occurring. Synthesis is used in data analysis. Often a starting point for studies when little research exists; may use results to design empirical studies. The researcher describes, analyzes, and interprets reports, descriptions, and observations from participants.
Go to Appraisal of a Single Qualitative Research Study
Appraisal of a Single QuaLitative Research Study
Did the authors have knowledge of or experience with the research area? ❑ Yes ❑ No
Was there a clearly identifiable and articulated:
• Purpose? ❑ Yes ❑ No
• Research question? ❑ Yes ❑ No
• Justification for method(s) used? ❑ Yes ❑ No
• Phenomenon that is the focus of the research? ❑ Yes ❑ No
Were study sample participants representative of the target population? ❑ Yes ❑ No
Were participant characteristics described? ❑ Yes ❑ No
Was sampling adequate, as evidenced by achieving saturation of data? ❑ Yes ❑ No
• Were methods of data collection appropriate for qualitative inquiry (interviews and/or focus groups facilitated to elicit sufficient responses, observations, online documents?)
• Was data collected in a naturalistic setting? ❑ Yes ❑ No
• Were data collection methods clearly and thoroughly explained? ❑ Yes ❑ No
• Were interviews and focus groups transcribed verbatim? ❑ Yes ❑ No
• Was there a complete description of how data were analyzed?
• Was there evidence of reflexivity apparent through appropriate bias-reducing methods? ❑ Yes ❑ No
• Were sufficient and effective bias-reducing methods for data analysis employed?
Do findings support the narrative data (quotes)? ❑ Yes ❑ No
Do findings flow from research question to data collected to analysis undertaken? ❑ Yes ❑ No
Are conclusions clearly explained? ❑ Yes ❑ No
Go to Quality Rating for QuaLitative Studies section
Quality Rating for QuaLitative Studies
Hightlight the appropriate quality rating below:
No commonly agreed-on principles exist for judging the quality of quaLitative studies. It is a subjective process based on the extent to which study data contributes to synthesis and how much information is known about the researchers’ efforts to meet the appraisal criteria.
A/B High/Good quality is used for single studies.
The report discusses efforts to enhance or evaluate the quality of the data and the overall inquiry in sufficient detail; and it describes the specific techniques used to enhance the quality of the inquiry.
C Lower-quality studies contribute little to the overall review of findings and have few, if any, of the features listed for High/Good quality.
Pros/Cons List for Study
Indications of high quality Indications of lower quality